Hypertext Transfer Protocol

The World Wide Web is a way of thinking about the organization of the Internet as a delivery vehicle for information. Prior to the development of the notion of the World Wide Web, the Internet was simply a way to connect computers for remote login, or to transfer files and mail from one place to another. The creation of hypertext transfer protocol, together with browser programs to use it, constituted a new way to use the network connections that already existed. This way of using the Internet came to be called the World Wide Web, or simply: the Web.

The basic language of the World Wide Web is hypertext transfer protocol , better known as http. This is the means by which flat text files are tranferred over the Internet. It is described most completely by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), which acts as a de facto standards organization for the Web. Other pages can also be found that contain more description, for example see a page at Case Western .

Curiously enough, standardization on the Internet is almost unheard of. With the plethora of vendors, computer science research departments, and hackers on-line, it is difficult to find a consensus on any means of communication among computers. To the extent that there is one, it is encoded in Internet Requests For Comments (RFC). The RFC pertaining to HTTP 1.1 is found at the USC Information Sciences Institute .